They consists of four things: self-confident care viewpoints (“Alarming support us to avoid issues down the road”), beliefs about uncontrollability and risk (“My personal worrying try risky for my situation”), intellectual proficiency (“We have little depend on during my memory getting terms and you can names”), general bad values (“If i don’t control a troubling believe, and it happened, it might be my personal blame”), and you may intellectual care about-awareness (“In my opinion much on the my thoughts”). This new metacognition questionnaire are scored inside the a 4 section scale out-of step one (“do not concur”) so you’re able to 4 (“concur greatly”) together with a Chronbach’s alpha = .88. The fresh new metacognition survey has been used widely for the non-scientific products eg smokers and students [forty two, 45]. A complete rating is calculated to make a directory of metacognition per participant http://datingranking.net/escort-directory/allentown.
The new Compulsive-Compulsive Directory try an effective 42-product notice-report survey, evaluating the seriousness of various obsessions and compulsions regarding OCD for the people . The new compulsive-obsessive list includes eight subscales that come with washing (“We wash my personal hands more often otherwise longer than necessary”), examining (“I-go back once again to towns and cities in order that We have not injured individuals”), denying (“Whether or not I really do something meticulously I’m it is not some correct”), ordering (“I have disturb if the someone else has altered the way i features created my personal something”), obsessing (“I’ve found it difficult to deal with my view”), hoarding (“I collect anything I do not you want”), and you may neutralising (“I’m I must repeat particular amounts”). This index is obtained on good 4 point Likert size, from just one (“not”) in order to 4 (“extremely”) along with a beneficial Chronbach’s leader = .88. A total score are calculated to make one to rating for every fellow member related to O-C periods.
A chance decide to try from university students participated in the analysis. Players have been firstly served with information about the study and you will provided the ability to make inquiries regarding it. After giving concur, for each fellow member offered market pointers, after which was indeed given the fresh new four questionnaires into the an effective counterbalanced order to respond to on their own go out. If the participant finished they try thanked and you can debriefed. Every product and procedures adopted new ethical advice and procedures detailed by the American Emotional Association and you may was in fact looked and approved by the School regarding Hertfordshire stability committee (Number:14149216).
Analysis are screened to have shed thinking, outliers and you can presumptions from mathematical analysis before any studies . All variables had acceptable opinions to own skewness and you can kurtosis no extreme outliers. Bivariate correlations of your own an incredible number of all the computed spiders shown self-confident and you will tall contacts among them (Dining table 1). The best connection are involving the indexes from state and you may attribute anxiety, with the newest association between anxiety sensitiveness, metacognition and you may O-C symptoms.
Our first prediction was that metacognition and anxiety (state and trait) would be significant predictors of O-C symptoms. Consistent with our expectations all variables were associated to O-C symptoms in significant and positive correlations (all ps < .001) [24, 30, 33].
In order to investigate the relative importance of each of the computed index on the prediction of O-C symptoms all the indexes were used as simultaneous predictors of O-C symptoms in a multivariate regression analysis. Results revealed that metacognition was the best predictor of O-C symptoms (? = .41, p < .001), followed by trait anxiety (? = .21, p < .05), state anxiety (? = .16, p = .08), and anxiety sensitivity (? = .04, p = .63). The overall model resulted significant, R 2 = .49, F(4, 151) = , p < .001). Although previous research indicated that anxiety sensitivity is a good predictor of O-C symptoms , the inclusion of the other variables reduced its effect to a non-significant level.